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Communities of Practice Bibliography
including books, articles, and videos on theory, practice, examples, and so on...
... usually including comments, assessments, and links.


Communities of Practice - literature

Virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) in business have been shown to beeffective in improving knowledge sharing, thus reducing professional and structural isolation.This literature review will critically examine the current evidence relevant to virtualcommunities of practice in General Practice training, identify evidence-based principles thatmight guide their construction and suggest further avenues for research.

Knowledge Networks - literature

This 83 page report by Robeson has an excellent glossary including a definition of networks, networking, network of practice (pp. 57-58) and community of practice, which are further explained throughout the paper. The author, Robeson, advises that it doesn't matter what definition you use, it is important that "meanings are clarified for members and the terms are used consistently" (p. 15). </dd>

Also see: Networks Digest (Issue 1, 2005 to Issue 35, 2007) for user friendly two page articles on networks and CoPs. </dd>

Knowledge Networks / CoP – examples

The NICS Emergency Department Collaborative established a network of multidisciplinary teams from 47 emergency departments across the country. This provided members of the collaborative network access to evidence, clinical information, resources and tools to improve practice. NICS seeks to establish an Emergency Care community of practice to build on the work of the Emergency Department Collaborative and extend the network to all emergency departments across the spectrum of emergency care needs from rural and remote to metropolitan settings. </dd>

Also see: Models of Telehealth. An invitational Workshop, February 27-28, 2004, McGill University, pp.18-20. Project outline: One of the most innovative Canada-wide Francophone research projects is the community of practice for heart health. It will in fact become the first community of practice for health in Canada. It is being championed by the Order of Nurses of Quebec, and CEFRIO will be making a valuable contribution. Funding will be provided by Industry Canada through the CANARIE program. The project's primary task is to establish a community of practice in heart health to study the dynamics of such a community and its impact on practice for the nurses involved, who will asynchronously discuss, share and negotiate points of view, ideas and both tacit and explicit knowledge with a view to collectively dealing with or resolving common issues and concerns. This new approach will make it possible for nurses to seek information that is useful to them in improving the practice of their profession. The software, Knowledge Forum, provides a virtual environment that is conducive to collective job-related problem solving. Other partners include: CEFRIO, the Montreal Heart Institute, Laval Hospital in Quebec City, the Ottawa Hospital, the Saint John (New Brunswick) Regional Hospital, the Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing and the Canadian Council of Cardiovascular Nurses. Order of Nurses of Quebec. [Information originally sources from James Caldwell Palmer (13 June, 2006)] </dd>

N. Pakenham-Walsh, 2007, Healthcare Information for All by 2015:a community of purpose facilitated by Reader-Focused Moderation. Knowledge Management for Development Journal 3(1), 93-108 ‘Healthcare Information For All by 2015’ (HIFA2015) is a new global campaign that aims to improve the availability and use of healthcare information in developing countries. The campaign brings together all stakeholders as a community of purpose around a common goal, using e-mail discussion groups (Dgroups) as our main communication platform. We have developed a novel approach to facilitation - Reader-Focused Moderation - that aims to provide maximum added value to all members. The methodology of Reader-Focused Moderation is described, together with the key challenge for the future evolution of the campaign: to move beyond dialogue towards collective understanding, advocacy and action, using new collaborative authoring tools such as wiki. </dd>

Knowledge (Research) Networks – examples Project aim: The aim of the Collaborative Research Hub is to establish partnerships with long-term enduring relations, which creates networks and connections to build on the social capital within the primary health care sector. The collaboration provides the opportunity to create ‘an engine room’ and platform to consolidate the vast amount of knowledge to provide focus and direction for the Queensland primary health care sector. This collaboration aims to increase the dialogue between researchers, service providers, funding bodies and consumers at each of the critical stages of development in setting priorities, doing the research, sharing the findings and ensuring end-user application. </dd>

MJFF is committed to solving problems that slow down forward movement. We identify needed research tools with potential to bolster efforts throughout the field, then work with appropriate partners to engineer these tools at a high level of quality. Once we have developed them, we create (or leverage existing) practical distribution channels that remove hurdles to their widespread use by academic and industry researchers. </dd>

“Historically, ALS research was conducted by committed ALS researchers working separately on various aspects of the disease. Project A.L.S.™ changed that approach dramatically by requiring that researchers and doctors from many disciplines work together, share data openly, and meet shared research milestones.” </dd>
If you read about Project ALS and the substantial progress made with regard to stimulating a collaborative international research effort, you will see an emergent health care community of practice </dd>

Knowledge transfer

Abstract: “The findings of this study highlight the potential advantage of exploiting existing formal and informal networking as a key to conveying evidence to clinicians.” </dd> Abstract: This paper provides a contemporary review of key issues affecting the uptake of clinical guidelines by general practitioners in Australia and internationally. Attention is given to the barriers that affect guideline uptake, the quality of guidelines, and the dissemination of guidelines to GPs in practice settings. The paper proposes a localized approach to knowledge transfer using “learning communities” and “normalisation” of practice as a way of overcoming persistent problems with guideline uptake. </dd> Also see: Part of The International Network of Health Promoting Hospitals </dd>

Knowledge translation

An extensive bibliography of research impact and research transfer resources that indirectly relates to communities of practice indirectly. Articles listed focus on knowledge brokering, knowledge translation and knowledge exchange with an emphasis on research to practice to policy. </dd>

Knowledge and learning

Knowledge and learning for patients and caregivers Abstract: “These findings support the design of formal practices to strengthen communication and relationships among key caregivers on surgical units.” </dd>

Social / support networks (consumer health, patient / caregiver network) - examples

See notes on Talk:Healthcare 
Many thanks to Nicky Hayward-Wright for a major curation, updating, and upgrading of this page.
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