Healthcare - CPsquare

Healthcare

From [[http://cpsquare.org CPsquare]], the community of practice on communities of practice.

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{{Bibliography}}
{{Bibliography}}
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* Consoli, Davide and Ramlogan, Ronnie. (2009): Scope, Strategy and Structure: The Dynamics of knowledge networks in Medicine. Manchester Business School Working Paper, Number 569. http://www.mbs.ac.uk/research/workingpapers/ OR http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/12791/
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==Communities of Practice - literature==
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* Seeley, Helen and Urqhurt, Christine. (2008). Action research in developing knowledge networks. Health Informations Journal, 14(2): 279-296. doi: 10.1177/1460458208096557 http://jhi.sagepub.com/content/14/4/279.full.pdf+html
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* "Networking in Public Health: Exploring the value of networks to the National Collaborating Centres for Public Health" http://www.nccmt.ca/pubs/NetworkingPaperApr09EN_WEB.pdf which has an excellent glossary including a definition of networks, networking, network of practice (pp. 57-58) and community of practice, which are further explained throughout the paper. The author, Robeson, advises that it doesn't matter what definition you use, it is important that "meanings are clarified for members and the terms are used consistently" (p. 15).
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* Moore DE, Green JS, Gallis HA. Achieving desired results and improved outcomes: integrating planning and assessment throughout learning activities. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2009;29(1):1-15. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19288562 [Accessed December 1, 2009].
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* An extensive bibliography of research impact and research transfer resources (that relates to communities of practice indirectly) http://www.phcris.org.au/activities/rip/bibliography.php
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* Health e-communities are specialized social networks that function as virtual communities, using the Internet to enable members to use the Internet to share information and emotional support. The Pew Internet and American Life initiative recently reported that over 40 million adults have taken advantage of health e-community resources. This is a wiki for list owners: http://lo-wiki.acor.org/index.php/Cancer_Health_e-Communities
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* Emergency Departments: Adoption of guidelines across Australia National Institute of Clinical Studies; The NICS Emergency Department Collaborative established a network of multidisciplinary teams from 47 emergency departments across the country. This provided members of the collaborative network access to evidence, clinical information, resources and tools to improve practice. NICS seeks to establish an Emergency Care community of practice to build on the work of the Emergency Department Collaborative and extend the network to all emergency departments across the spectrum of emergency care needs from rural and remote to metropolitan settings.
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* Emergency Department; MPRO Michigan. The NICS Emergency Department Collaborative established a network of multidisciplinary teams from 47 emergency departments across the country. This provided members of the collaborative network access to evidence, clinical information, resources and tools to improve practice. NICS seeks to establish an Emergency Care community of practice to build on the work of the Emergency Department Collaborative and extend the network to all emergency departments across the spectrum of emergency care needs from rural and remote to metropolitan settings. http://www.mpro.org/hospital/qi_edqip.htm
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* Recommended citation: Barwick, M.A., Boydell, K.M., Stasiulis, E., Ferguson, H.B., Blase, K., & Fixsen, D. (2005). Knowledge transfer and evidence-based practice in children’s mental health. Toronto, ON: Children’s Mental Health Ontario. (This is the much to be admired work of Melanie Barwick (who is on com-prac) and colleagues)
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* Chronic Care; involving patients in mutual support, learning, self-management, Hepatitis C Council of New South Wales: http://www.hepatitisc.org.au
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* Chronic Care; Patient/Care Giver mobilization/involvement in chronic care, Cancer Survivors Network http://www.acscsn.org
+
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* If you read about Project ALS and the substantial progress made with regard to stimulating a collaborative international research effort, you will see an emergent health care community of practice: http://www.projectals.org
+
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* for similar approach see the Michael J Fox Foundation for Parkinson's and related diseases: http://www.michaeljfox.org
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* Gabbay, J. and le May, A. (2004) Evidence based guidelines or collectively constructed "mindlines?" Ethnographic study of knowledge management in primary care. British Medical Journal, 329, (7473), 1013-1019 (doi:10.1136/bmj 329.7473.1013) (Ms. le May has done other work on CoPs in health care in the UK.) Adoption of guidelines in primary practice CoP: A study of how primary care practitioners actually make use of guidelines.
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* Cardiovascular Nursing (from a while ago in Jim Palmer's notes). Project name: OIIQ's Remote Access Virtual Nurse project. One of the most innovative Canada-wide Francophone research projects is the community of practice for heart health. It will in fact become the first community of practice for health in Canada. It is being championed by the Order of Nurses of Quebec, and CEFRIO will be making a valuable contribution. Funding will be provided by Industry Canada through the CANARIE program. The project's primary task is to establish a community of practice in heart health to study the dynamics of such a community and its impact on practice for the nurses involved, who will asynchronously discuss, share and negotiate points of view, ideas and both tacit and explicit knowledge with a view to collectively dealing with or resolving common issues and concerns. This new approach will make it possible for nurses to seek information that is useful to them in improving the practice of their profession. The software, Knowledge Forum, provides a virtual environment that is conducive to collective job-related problem solving. Other partners include: CEFRIO, the Montreal Heart Institute, Laval Hospital in Quebec City, the Ottawa Hospital, the Saint John (New Brunswick) Regional Hospital, the Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing and the Canadian Council of Cardiovascular Nurses. Order of Nurses of Quebec. http://www.oiiq.org/santecoeur
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* Iedema, R., Meyerkort, S., & White, L. (2005). ''Emergent modes of work and communities of practice''. '''Health Services Management Research''', 18(1), 13-25From the abstract: "the paper reflects on some of the constitutive facets of teams as CoPs, and proposes that in the context of health reform such emergent teamness encompass participating, knowledging and boundary spanning. Fusing contextual, attributional and processual dimensions of team conduct, these notions are elaborated to show how descriptions of teamness can be rendered sensitive to the prerogatives of health reform. The paper concludes with outlining some of the implications of this proposal for how we reconceptualize health services management."
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Amin, A. & Roberts, J. (2006). Communities of practice? Varieties of situated learning. A paper prepared from EU Networks of Excellence Dynamics of Institutions and Markets in Eurpoe (DIME). Draft, October 2006. http://www.dime-eu.org/files/active/0/Amin_Roberts.pdf (44 pages)
 +
Abstract: “This body of literature includes theoretical, conceptual, and review papers together with critiques and papers reporting the findings of empirical studies. Empirical investigations range from CoPs in public services, such as education and healthcare, to learning in private business organisations and extra-organisational environments including financial services, creative and innovative organisations and networks, craft-based learning environments, on-line communities and a range of miscellaneous contexts.
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Iedema, R., Meyerkort, S., & White, L. (2005). Emergent modes of work and communities of practice. Health Services Management Research, 18(1), 13-25. http://hsmr.rsmjournals.com/cgi/content/short/18/1/13
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* Getting to 7 - Cultivating Communities of Practice: The 7 Stages of Development. Retrieved 3 14, 2006 from http://www.informatics.nhs.uk/cgi-bin/item.cgi?id=689.
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Abstract: “The paper reflects on some of the constitutive facets of teams as CoPs, and proposes that in the context of health reform such emergent teamness encompass participating, knowledging and boundary spanning. Fusing contextual, attributional and processual dimensions of team conduct, these notions are elaborated to show how descriptions of teamness can be rendered sensitive to the prerogatives of health reform. The paper concludes with outlining some of the implications of this proposal for how we reconceptualize health services management.
-
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* Gittell JH, Fairfield KM, Bierbaum B, Head W, Jackson R, Kelly M et al.: Impact of relational coordination on quality of care, postoperative pain and functioning, and length of stay: a nine-hospital study of surgical patients. Medical Care 2000, 38: 807-819.
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==Knowledge Networks - literature==
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* Coles C. Developing professional judgement. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2002; 22: 55-62. Coles C. Developing our intuitive knowing: an alternative approach to the assessment of doctors. In Bashook PG, Miller SH, Parboosingh J, Horowitz SG, eds. Credentialing physician specialists: a world perspective. Proceedings of the conference held in Chicago: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and the American Board of Medical Specialists, 93 - 108. 2000
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Consoli, D. & Ramlogan, R. (2009). Scope, strategy and structure: The dynamics of knowledge networks in medicine. Manchester Business School Working Paper, Number 569. http://www.mbs.ac.uk/research/workingpapers/ OR http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/12791/
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----
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* '''Working Group on Health Promotion for Children and Adolescents in Hospitals''' (HPH-CA): The experience of the use of the on-line Community of Practice like a tool for a European network, by Marco Luvisi Azienda, Fabrizio Simonelli, Katalin Majer, Maria José Caldés Pinilla. (Task Force on Health Promotion for Children and Adolescents in Hospitals (HPH-CA), A. Meyer Hospital (Italy)). '''Background''': since April 2004, within the international HPH network, there is a specific Task Force and related international Working Group active on the theme of Health promotion for children and adolescents in hospitals (HPH-CA), focusing on different priority thematic areas. One of these is the realisation of an online HPH-CA Community of practice. As last important milestone, the 3rd Meeting on Health promotion for children and adolescents in hospitals, held in Florence between the 2-3 of December, 2005, is to be mentioned. During this meeting, important issues related to the realisation of an online HPH-CA Community of Practice have been presented and discussed, and the next steps of work have been identified. Find the PDF document here at http://www.qualityfoundation.org/ww/en/pub/efquel/index.htm
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Robeson, P. (2009). Networking in public health: Exploring the value of networks to the National Collaborating Centres for Public Health. Ontario: National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools. http://www.nccmt.ca/pubs/NetworkingPaperApr09EN_WEB.pdf
 +
This 83 page report by Robeson has an excellent glossary including a definition of networks, networking, network of practice (pp. 57-58) and community of practice, which are further explained throughout the paper. The author, Robeson, advises that it doesn't matter what definition you use, it is important that "meanings are clarified for members and the terms are used consistently" (p. 15).  
 +
Seeley, H. & Urqhurt, C. (2008). Action research in developing knowledge networks. Health Information Journal, 14(2), 279-296. doi: 10.1177/1460458208096557 http://jhi.sagepub.com/content/14/4/279.full.pdf+html
 +
 +
Information Authority, National Health Services. (2004). Getting to 7 - Cultivating Communities of Practice: The 7 Stages of Development. Reproduced in Networks Digest Issue 30, December 2006. http://www.chsrf.ca/Libraries/Network_Digest_ENGLISH/Getting_to_7_%E2%80%94_Cultivating_Communities_of_Practice_The_7_Stages_of_Development.sflb.ashx
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Also see: Networks Digest (Issue 1, 2005 to Issue 35, 2007) for user friendly two page articles on networks and CoPs. http://www.chsrf.ca/publicationsandresources/pastseries/NetworksDigest.aspx
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==Knowledge Networks / CoP – examples==
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National Institute of Clinical Studies. (2004). National Emergency Department Collaborative Report http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/nics/programs/Final_Report_of_the_NICS_Emergency_Department_Collaborative.pdf
 +
The NICS Emergency Department Collaborative established a network of multidisciplinary teams from 47 emergency departments across the country. This provided members of the collaborative network access to evidence, clinical information, resources and tools to improve practice. NICS seeks to establish an Emergency Care community of practice to build on the work of the Emergency Department Collaborative and extend the network to all emergency departments across the spectrum of emergency care needs from rural and remote to metropolitan settings.
 +
 +
Cardiovascular Nursing: Remote Access Virtual Nursing.
 +
Also see: Models of Telihealth. An invitational Workshop, February 27-28, 2004, McGill University, pp.18-20.
 +
https://dspace.ucalgary.ca/bitstream/1880/43125/1/models%20of%20telehealth.pdf
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Project outline: One of the most innovative Canada-wide Francophone research projects is the community of practice for heart health. It will in fact become the first community of practice for health in Canada. It is being championed by the Order of Nurses of Quebec, and CEFRIO will be making a valuable contribution. Funding will be provided by Industry Canada through the CANARIE program. The project's primary task is to establish a community of practice in heart health to study the dynamics of such a community and its impact on practice for the nurses involved, who will asynchronously discuss, share and negotiate points of view, ideas and both tacit and explicit knowledge with a view to collectively dealing with or resolving common issues and concerns. This new approach will make it possible for nurses to seek information that is useful to them in improving the practice of their profession. The software, Knowledge Forum, provides a virtual environment that is conducive to collective job-related problem solving. Other partners include: CEFRIO, the Montreal Heart Institute, Laval Hospital in Quebec City, the Ottawa Hospital, the Saint John (New Brunswick) Regional Hospital, the Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing and the Canadian Council of Cardiovascular Nurses. Order of Nurses of Quebec. [Information originally sources from James Caldwell Palmer (13 June, 2006) http://groups.yahoo.com/group/com-prac/message/6623]
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==Knowledge (Research) Networks – examples==
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Collaborative Research Hub (General Practice Queensland, Griffith University)
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http://www.gpqld.com.au/page/Partnershipss/Collaborative_Research_Hub/
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Project aim: The aim of the Collaborative Research Hub is to establish partnerships with long-term enduring relations, which creates networks and connections to build on the social capital within the primary health care sector. The collaboration provides the opportunity to create ‘an engine room’ and platform to consolidate the vast amount of knowledge to provide focus and direction for the Queensland primary health care sector. This collaboration aims to increase the dialogue between researchers, service providers, funding bodies and consumers at each of the critical stages of development in setting priorities, doing the research, sharing the findings and ensuring end-user application.
 +
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Michael J Fox Foundation (for Parkinson's and related diseases) http://www.michaeljfox.org
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MJFF is committed to solving problems that slow down forward movement. We identify needed research tools with potential to bolster efforts throughout the field, then work with appropriate partners to engineer these tools at a high level of quality. Once we have developed them, we create (or leverage existing) practical distribution channels that remove hurdles to their widespread use by academic and industry researchers.  http://www.michaeljfox.org/research_MJFFresearchTools.cfm
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Project A.L.S.™ http://www.projectals.org
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“Historically, ALS research was conducted by committed ALS researchers working separately on various aspects of the disease. Project A.L.S.™ changed that approach dramatically by requiring that researchers and doctors from many disciplines work together, share data openly, and meet shared research milestones.” http://www.projectals.org/about-us/strategy.html
 +
 +
If you read about Project ALS and the substantial progress made with regard to stimulating a collaborative international research effort, you will see an emergent health care community of practice
 +
 +
==Knowledge transfer==
 +
 +
Gabbay, J. &  le May, A. (2004) Evidence based guidelines or collectively constructed "mindlines?" Ethnographic study of knowledge management in primary care. British Medical Journal, 329(7473), 1013-1019 doi:10.1136/bmj 329.7473.1013
 +
Abstract: http://www.bmj.com/content/329/7473/1013.abstract “The findings of this study highlight the potential advantage of exploiting existing formal and informal networking as a key to conveying evidence to clinicians.”
 +
 +
Kendall, E., Sunderland, N. Muenchberger, & Armstron, K. (2009). When guidelines need guidance: Considerations and strategies for improving the adoption of chronic disease evidence by general practitioners. Griffith University, Institute of Health & Medical Research, Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation.
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http://www.gpqld.com.au/content/Document/3%20Programs/Collaborative%20Research%20Hub/Uptake%20of%20guidelines%20Paper.pdf
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Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20367709 This paper provides a contemporary review of key issues affecting the uptake of clinical guidelines by general practitioners in Australia and internationally.  Attention is given to the barriers that affect guideline uptake, the quality of guidelines, and the dissemination of guidelines to  GPs in practice settings. The paper proposes a localized approach to knowledge transfer using “learning communities” and “normalisation” of practice as a way of overcoming persistent problems with guideline uptake.
 +
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Also see: Briefing Paper: http://www.gpqld.com.au/content/Document/3%20Programs/Collaborative%20Research%20Hub/BRIEF%202%20Guideline%20Uptake%20Strategy.pdf
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Primary Health Care Research & Information Service (PHC RIS) Bibliography http://www.phcris.org.au/activities/rip/bibliography.php
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Extensive bibliography of research impact and research transfer resources.
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WHO Collaborating Centre – Health Promotion for Children & Adolescents in & By Hospitals
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http://www.hphnet.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=294%3Ahp-for-children-a-adolescents-in-a-by-hospitals-&catid=20&Itemid=95 Also see: http://www.who-cc.dk/taskforces/gruppe2
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Part of The International Network of Health Promoting Hospitals http://www.hphnet.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=22&Itemid=14
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Since April 2004, within the international HPH network, there is a specific Task Force and related international Working Group active on the theme of Health promotion for children and adolescents in hospitals (HPH-CA), focusing on different priority thematic areas. One of these is the realisation of an online HPH-CA Community of practice.
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==Knowledge translation==
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Bibliography of research impact and research transfer resources. Primary Health Care & Research Information Service. http://www.phcris.org.au/activities/rip/bibliography.php
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An extensive bibliography of research impact and research transfer resources that indirectly relates to communities of practice indirectly. Articles listed focus on knowledge brokering, knowledge translation and knowledge exchange with an emphasis on research to practice to policy.
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Barwick, M.A., Boydell, K.M., Stasiulis, E., Ferguson, H.B., Blase, K., & Fixsen, D. (2005). Knowledge transfer and evidence-based practice in children’s mental health. Toronto, ON: Children’s Mental Health Ontario.
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http://melaniebarwick.com/document/Knowledge_Transfer_and_Implementation_of_EBP_in_CMH.pdf
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This 138 page report focuses on knowledge translation and knowledge transfer of evidence based practice
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Contents: Introduction – knowledge transfer, implementation science, and readiness for change – Use of research evidence and readiness for change – Experts’ perspectives on implementing evidence-based practice – Best practices for transfer and implementation of evidence-based practices – Taking action.
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==Knowledge and learning==
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Coles C. (2000). Developing professional judgement. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions. 22(1), 3-10.
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Knowledge and learning for health professionals
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Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12004638 “At the foundation of professional judgment is a form of knowledge--called practical wisdom--which is not formally taught and learnt but is acquired largely through experience and informal conversations with respected peers. Wisdom develops through "the critical reconstruction of practice," including deliberation, which is distinguished from mere reflection. Professionals need to engage in the appreciation of their practice--not just to understand what informs their own practice but to consider critically the contestable issues endemic to practicing as a professional.”
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Moore DE, Green JS, Gallis HA. (2009). Achieving desired results and improved outcomes: integrating planning and assessment throughout learning activities. Journal of Continuing Education for Health Professionals, 29(1), 1-15.
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Knowledge and learning for health professionals
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Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19288562
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Gittell, J.H., Fairfield, K.M., Bierbaum, B., Head, W., Jackson. R, Kelly, M., et al. (2000) Impact of relational coordination on quality of care, postoperative pain and functioning, and length of stay: a nine-hospital study of surgical patients. Medical Care, 38: 807-819. http://ipls.dk/pdf-filer/gittell_2000.pdf
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Knowledge and learning for patients and caregivers
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Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10929993 “These findings support the design of formal practices to strengthen communication and relationships among key caregivers on surgical units.”
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==Social / support networks (consumer health, patient / caregiver network) - examples==
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Cancer Survivors Network http://www.acscsn.org
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Chronic Care; Patient/Care Giver mobilization/involvement in chronic care
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Hepatitis NSW http://www.hepatitisc.org.au
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Chronic Care; involving patients in mutual support, learning, self-management
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Patient Centred Wikis http://lo-wiki.acor.org/index.php/Cancer_Health_e-Communities
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Health e-communities are specialized social networks that function as virtual communities, using the Internet to enable members to use the Internet to share information and emotional support. This wiki includes useful resources / references on: HeC as social networks, list management best practices, eCommunity research.
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See notes on [[Talk:Healthcare]]
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Many thanks to Nicky Hayward-Wright for a major curation, updating, and upgrading of this page.
[[Category:Bibliography]]
[[Category:Bibliography]]

Revision as of 16:48, 18 March 2011

Communities of Practice Bibliography
including books, articles, and videos on theory, practice, examples, and so on...
... usually including comments, assessments, and links.

Contents

Communities of Practice - literature

Amin, A. & Roberts, J. (2006). Communities of practice? Varieties of situated learning. A paper prepared from EU Networks of Excellence Dynamics of Institutions and Markets in Eurpoe (DIME). Draft, October 2006. http://www.dime-eu.org/files/active/0/Amin_Roberts.pdf (44 pages) Abstract: “This body of literature includes theoretical, conceptual, and review papers together with critiques and papers reporting the findings of empirical studies. Empirical investigations range from CoPs in public services, such as education and healthcare, to learning in private business organisations and extra-organisational environments including financial services, creative and innovative organisations and networks, craft-based learning environments, on-line communities and a range of miscellaneous contexts.”

Iedema, R., Meyerkort, S., & White, L. (2005). Emergent modes of work and communities of practice. Health Services Management Research, 18(1), 13-25. http://hsmr.rsmjournals.com/cgi/content/short/18/1/13 Abstract: “The paper reflects on some of the constitutive facets of teams as CoPs, and proposes that in the context of health reform such emergent teamness encompass participating, knowledging and boundary spanning. Fusing contextual, attributional and processual dimensions of team conduct, these notions are elaborated to show how descriptions of teamness can be rendered sensitive to the prerogatives of health reform. The paper concludes with outlining some of the implications of this proposal for how we reconceptualize health services management.”


Knowledge Networks - literature

Consoli, D. & Ramlogan, R. (2009). Scope, strategy and structure: The dynamics of knowledge networks in medicine. Manchester Business School Working Paper, Number 569. http://www.mbs.ac.uk/research/workingpapers/ OR http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/12791/

Robeson, P. (2009). Networking in public health: Exploring the value of networks to the National Collaborating Centres for Public Health. Ontario: National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools. http://www.nccmt.ca/pubs/NetworkingPaperApr09EN_WEB.pdf This 83 page report by Robeson has an excellent glossary including a definition of networks, networking, network of practice (pp. 57-58) and community of practice, which are further explained throughout the paper. The author, Robeson, advises that it doesn't matter what definition you use, it is important that "meanings are clarified for members and the terms are used consistently" (p. 15).

Seeley, H. & Urqhurt, C. (2008). Action research in developing knowledge networks. Health Information Journal, 14(2), 279-296. doi: 10.1177/1460458208096557 http://jhi.sagepub.com/content/14/4/279.full.pdf+html

Information Authority, National Health Services. (2004). Getting to 7 - Cultivating Communities of Practice: The 7 Stages of Development. Reproduced in Networks Digest Issue 30, December 2006. http://www.chsrf.ca/Libraries/Network_Digest_ENGLISH/Getting_to_7_%E2%80%94_Cultivating_Communities_of_Practice_The_7_Stages_of_Development.sflb.ashx Also see: Networks Digest (Issue 1, 2005 to Issue 35, 2007) for user friendly two page articles on networks and CoPs. http://www.chsrf.ca/publicationsandresources/pastseries/NetworksDigest.aspx

Knowledge Networks / CoP – examples

National Institute of Clinical Studies. (2004). National Emergency Department Collaborative Report http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/nics/programs/Final_Report_of_the_NICS_Emergency_Department_Collaborative.pdf The NICS Emergency Department Collaborative established a network of multidisciplinary teams from 47 emergency departments across the country. This provided members of the collaborative network access to evidence, clinical information, resources and tools to improve practice. NICS seeks to establish an Emergency Care community of practice to build on the work of the Emergency Department Collaborative and extend the network to all emergency departments across the spectrum of emergency care needs from rural and remote to metropolitan settings.

Cardiovascular Nursing: Remote Access Virtual Nursing. Also see: Models of Telihealth. An invitational Workshop, February 27-28, 2004, McGill University, pp.18-20. https://dspace.ucalgary.ca/bitstream/1880/43125/1/models%20of%20telehealth.pdf Project outline: One of the most innovative Canada-wide Francophone research projects is the community of practice for heart health. It will in fact become the first community of practice for health in Canada. It is being championed by the Order of Nurses of Quebec, and CEFRIO will be making a valuable contribution. Funding will be provided by Industry Canada through the CANARIE program. The project's primary task is to establish a community of practice in heart health to study the dynamics of such a community and its impact on practice for the nurses involved, who will asynchronously discuss, share and negotiate points of view, ideas and both tacit and explicit knowledge with a view to collectively dealing with or resolving common issues and concerns. This new approach will make it possible for nurses to seek information that is useful to them in improving the practice of their profession. The software, Knowledge Forum, provides a virtual environment that is conducive to collective job-related problem solving. Other partners include: CEFRIO, the Montreal Heart Institute, Laval Hospital in Quebec City, the Ottawa Hospital, the Saint John (New Brunswick) Regional Hospital, the Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing and the Canadian Council of Cardiovascular Nurses. Order of Nurses of Quebec. [Information originally sources from James Caldwell Palmer (13 June, 2006) http://groups.yahoo.com/group/com-prac/message/6623]

Knowledge (Research) Networks – examples

Collaborative Research Hub (General Practice Queensland, Griffith University) http://www.gpqld.com.au/page/Partnershipss/Collaborative_Research_Hub/ Project aim: The aim of the Collaborative Research Hub is to establish partnerships with long-term enduring relations, which creates networks and connections to build on the social capital within the primary health care sector. The collaboration provides the opportunity to create ‘an engine room’ and platform to consolidate the vast amount of knowledge to provide focus and direction for the Queensland primary health care sector. This collaboration aims to increase the dialogue between researchers, service providers, funding bodies and consumers at each of the critical stages of development in setting priorities, doing the research, sharing the findings and ensuring end-user application.

Michael J Fox Foundation (for Parkinson's and related diseases) http://www.michaeljfox.org MJFF is committed to solving problems that slow down forward movement. We identify needed research tools with potential to bolster efforts throughout the field, then work with appropriate partners to engineer these tools at a high level of quality. Once we have developed them, we create (or leverage existing) practical distribution channels that remove hurdles to their widespread use by academic and industry researchers. http://www.michaeljfox.org/research_MJFFresearchTools.cfm

Project A.L.S.™ http://www.projectals.org “Historically, ALS research was conducted by committed ALS researchers working separately on various aspects of the disease. Project A.L.S.™ changed that approach dramatically by requiring that researchers and doctors from many disciplines work together, share data openly, and meet shared research milestones.” http://www.projectals.org/about-us/strategy.html

If you read about Project ALS and the substantial progress made with regard to stimulating a collaborative international research effort, you will see an emergent health care community of practice

Knowledge transfer

Gabbay, J. & le May, A. (2004) Evidence based guidelines or collectively constructed "mindlines?" Ethnographic study of knowledge management in primary care. British Medical Journal, 329(7473), 1013-1019 doi:10.1136/bmj 329.7473.1013 Abstract: http://www.bmj.com/content/329/7473/1013.abstract “The findings of this study highlight the potential advantage of exploiting existing formal and informal networking as a key to conveying evidence to clinicians.”

Kendall, E., Sunderland, N. Muenchberger, & Armstron, K. (2009). When guidelines need guidance: Considerations and strategies for improving the adoption of chronic disease evidence by general practitioners. Griffith University, Institute of Health & Medical Research, Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation. http://www.gpqld.com.au/content/Document/3%20Programs/Collaborative%20Research%20Hub/Uptake%20of%20guidelines%20Paper.pdf Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20367709 This paper provides a contemporary review of key issues affecting the uptake of clinical guidelines by general practitioners in Australia and internationally. Attention is given to the barriers that affect guideline uptake, the quality of guidelines, and the dissemination of guidelines to GPs in practice settings. The paper proposes a localized approach to knowledge transfer using “learning communities” and “normalisation” of practice as a way of overcoming persistent problems with guideline uptake.

Also see: Briefing Paper: http://www.gpqld.com.au/content/Document/3%20Programs/Collaborative%20Research%20Hub/BRIEF%202%20Guideline%20Uptake%20Strategy.pdf

Primary Health Care Research & Information Service (PHC RIS) Bibliography http://www.phcris.org.au/activities/rip/bibliography.php Extensive bibliography of research impact and research transfer resources.

WHO Collaborating Centre – Health Promotion for Children & Adolescents in & By Hospitals http://www.hphnet.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=294%3Ahp-for-children-a-adolescents-in-a-by-hospitals-&catid=20&Itemid=95 Also see: http://www.who-cc.dk/taskforces/gruppe2 Part of The International Network of Health Promoting Hospitals http://www.hphnet.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=22&Itemid=14 Since April 2004, within the international HPH network, there is a specific Task Force and related international Working Group active on the theme of Health promotion for children and adolescents in hospitals (HPH-CA), focusing on different priority thematic areas. One of these is the realisation of an online HPH-CA Community of practice.

Knowledge translation

Bibliography of research impact and research transfer resources. Primary Health Care & Research Information Service. http://www.phcris.org.au/activities/rip/bibliography.php An extensive bibliography of research impact and research transfer resources that indirectly relates to communities of practice indirectly. Articles listed focus on knowledge brokering, knowledge translation and knowledge exchange with an emphasis on research to practice to policy.

Barwick, M.A., Boydell, K.M., Stasiulis, E., Ferguson, H.B., Blase, K., & Fixsen, D. (2005). Knowledge transfer and evidence-based practice in children’s mental health. Toronto, ON: Children’s Mental Health Ontario. http://melaniebarwick.com/document/Knowledge_Transfer_and_Implementation_of_EBP_in_CMH.pdf This 138 page report focuses on knowledge translation and knowledge transfer of evidence based practice Contents: Introduction – knowledge transfer, implementation science, and readiness for change – Use of research evidence and readiness for change – Experts’ perspectives on implementing evidence-based practice – Best practices for transfer and implementation of evidence-based practices – Taking action.

Knowledge and learning

Coles C. (2000). Developing professional judgement. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions. 22(1), 3-10. Knowledge and learning for health professionals Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12004638 “At the foundation of professional judgment is a form of knowledge--called practical wisdom--which is not formally taught and learnt but is acquired largely through experience and informal conversations with respected peers. Wisdom develops through "the critical reconstruction of practice," including deliberation, which is distinguished from mere reflection. Professionals need to engage in the appreciation of their practice--not just to understand what informs their own practice but to consider critically the contestable issues endemic to practicing as a professional.”

Moore DE, Green JS, Gallis HA. (2009). Achieving desired results and improved outcomes: integrating planning and assessment throughout learning activities. Journal of Continuing Education for Health Professionals, 29(1), 1-15. Knowledge and learning for health professionals Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19288562

Gittell, J.H., Fairfield, K.M., Bierbaum, B., Head, W., Jackson. R, Kelly, M., et al. (2000) Impact of relational coordination on quality of care, postoperative pain and functioning, and length of stay: a nine-hospital study of surgical patients. Medical Care, 38: 807-819. http://ipls.dk/pdf-filer/gittell_2000.pdf Knowledge and learning for patients and caregivers Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10929993 “These findings support the design of formal practices to strengthen communication and relationships among key caregivers on surgical units.”

Social / support networks (consumer health, patient / caregiver network) - examples

Cancer Survivors Network http://www.acscsn.org Chronic Care; Patient/Care Giver mobilization/involvement in chronic care

Hepatitis NSW http://www.hepatitisc.org.au Chronic Care; involving patients in mutual support, learning, self-management

Patient Centred Wikis http://lo-wiki.acor.org/index.php/Cancer_Health_e-Communities Health e-communities are specialized social networks that function as virtual communities, using the Internet to enable members to use the Internet to share information and emotional support. This wiki includes useful resources / references on: HeC as social networks, list management best practices, eCommunity research.

See notes on Talk:Healthcare
Many thanks to Nicky Hayward-Wright for a major curation, updating, and upgrading of this page.
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